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Rotor blade dynamic stall model and its influence on airfoil response
V. Laxman,
Published in
Volume: 5
Pages: 3344 - 3364
Flight test data of helicopters indicate that vibratory levels in the fuselage exhibit a wide spectrum of frequencies including a few below the rotor RPM. It is well known that helicopter blades operate in a complex aerodynamic environment, involving time varying heave, pitch and pulsating oncoming flow. During operation, some sections of the rotor blade undergo dynamic stall once in a revolution. This paper attempts to understand the reason for the existence of several frequencies in the response of the fuselage and the possible cause for this observed phenomenon by analysing the effects of dynamic stall and aeroelastic couplings on the response of 2-D airfoil. The ONERA dynamic stall model developed by Petot is modified by incorporating a higher order rational approximation of Theodorsen's lift deficiency function. This improved model is shown to provide a better correlation with experimental stall data. The response characteristics of a 2-D airfoil undergoing pitching and plunging motion in a pulsating oncoming flow, simulating the response of a cross-section of a helicopter rotor blade in forward flight are analysed. This study shows significant difference in the response characteristics of the airfoil for unsteady (dynamic stall model) and quasi-steady aerodynamic models. It is observed that the non-linear aerodynamics (dynamic stall effects) in association with aeroelastic couplings above a certain level lead to a bounded chaotic motion of the airfoil.
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JournalCollection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference