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Characterization and prediction of the binding site in DNA-binding proteins: Improvement of accuracy by combining residue composition, evolutionary conservation and structural parameters
, Arumay Pal, Mainak Guharoy, Shrihari Sonavane, Pinak Chakrabarti
Published in
Volume: 40
Issue: 15
Pages: 7150 - 7161
We present a set of four parameters that in combination can predict DNA-binding residues on protein structures to a high degree of accuracy. These are the number of evolutionary conserved residues (N cons) and their spatial clustering ($\rho$ e), hydrogen bond donor capability (D p) and residue propensity (R p). We first used these parameters to characterize 130 interfaces in a set of 126 DNA-binding proteins (DBPs). The applicability of these parameters both individually and in combination, to distinguish the true binding region from the rest of the protein surface was then analyzed. R pshows the best performance identifying the true interface with the top rank in 83% cases. Importantly, we also used the unbound-bound test cases of the protein-DNA docking benchmark to test the efficacy of our method. When applied to the unbound form of the DBPs, R pcan distinguish 86% cases. Finally, we have applied the SVM approach for recognizing the interface region using the above parameters along with the individual amino acid composition as attributes. The accuracy of prediction is 90.5% for the bound structures and 93.6% for the unbound form of the proteins. {\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2012.
About the journal
JournalNucleic Acids Research