"Earthscan from Routledge" Ecocriticism and environmental communication studies have for many years co-existed as parallel disciplines, occasionally crossing paths but typically operating in separate academic spheres. These fields are now rapidly converging and this handbook aims to reinforce the common concerns and methodologies of the sibling disciplines. The Routledge Handbook of Ecocriticism and Environmental Communication charts the history of the relationship between ecocriticism and environmental communication studies, while also highlighting key new paradigms in information studies, diverse examples of practical applications of environmental communication and textual analysis and the patterns and challenges of environmental communication in non-Western societies. Contributors to this book include literary, film and religious studies scholars, communication studies specialists, environmental historians, practicing journalists, art critics, linguists, ethnographers, sociologists, literary theorists and others, but all focus their discussions on key issues in textual representations of human-nature relationships and on the challenges and possibilities of environmental communication. The handbook is designed to map existing trends in both ecocriticism and environmental communication and to predict future directions. This handbook will be an essential reference for teachers, students and practitioners of environmental literature, film, journalism, communication and rhetoric and well as the broader meta-discipline of environmental humanities. Ecocriticism and discourse / Andrew McMurry -- The climate of change : graphic adaptation, "the rime of the modern mariner" and the ecological uncanny / Pramod Nayar -- Eco churches, eco synagogues, eco Hollywood : 21st century practical responses to Lynn White, Jr.'s and Andrew Furman's 20th century readings of environments in crisis / C.A. Cranston -- Communicating resistance in/through an aquatic ecology in KR Meera's "The gospel of Yudas" / Gayathri Prabhu -- Transformative entanglements : birds and humans in three nonfictional texts / Wendy Woodward -- Discovering the weatherworld : combining ecolinguistics, ecocriticism and lived experience / Arran Stibbe -- Narrative communication in environmental fiction : cognitive and rhetorical approaches / Markku Lehtimäki -- Postcolonial development, socio-ecological degradation and slow violence in Pakistani fiction / Saba Pirzadeh -- How the material world communicates : insights from material ecocriticism / Serpil Oppermann -- Scale in ecological science writing / Derek J. Woods -- The literal and literary conflicts of climate change : the climate migrant and the unending war against emergence / Shane Hall -- Reconceptualizing the individual as a social actor in environmental communication / Julia B. Corbett -- Directionality in Thomas Cole's The oxbow : ecocritical art history and visual communication / Alan C. Braddock -- Challenges to developing a long-term environmental perspective : PAN and DIM / Patrick D. Murphy -- The "Chernobyl syndrome" in U.S. nuclear fiction : toward risk communication parameters of "nuclear phobia" / Inna Sukhenko -- Art as eco-protest and communication in Tanure Ojaide's selected poetry / Joyce Agofure -- Nature writing in the anthropocene / Christian Hummelsund Voie -- Experimental ecocriticism, or how to know if literature really works / Wojciech Malecki Grey literature, green governance / James Goebel -- When thirst had undone so many : a postcolonial ecocritical analysis of water crisis in Ruchir Joshi's "The last jet-engine laugh" and Girish Malik's "Jal" / T. Ravichandran and Nibedita Bandyopadhyay -- Cows, corn and communication : how the discourse around GMOs impacted legislation in the EU and the USA / Annka Liepold -- Science, wonder and environmental activism : Rachel Carson / Saskia Beudel -- Designing the communication of traditional ecological knowledge : a noto case study / Yuki Masami -- Cosmopolitan communication and ecological consciousness in Latin America : Miguel Gutiérrez's "Babel, el paraíso" / Roberto Forns-Broggi -- Communicating with the cosmos : contemporary Brazilian women poets and the embodiment of spiritual values / Izabel Brandão and Edilane Ferreira da Silva -- Women's street artivism in India and Brazil : Shilo Shiv Suleman's pan-indigenous environmental movement / Aarti S. Madan -- Novelist as eco-shaman : Buket Uzuner"s "Water" as requesting spirits to help the earth in crisis / Pinar Batur and Ufuk Özdag -- Environmentalism in the realm of Malaysian novels in English / Zainor Izat Zainal -- Ecomedia nurtures Japanese ecological identity / Keitaro Morita -- Indigenous interiority as nature-culture-sacred continuum : an ecological analysis of "have you seen the arana?" / Rayson K. Alex -- Risk, resistance and memory in two narratives by Asian women / Chitra Sankaran -- Environmental ngos and environmental communication in China / Chen Hong -- Afterword / Homero Aridjis and Betty Ferber.