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Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of GaN grown on β-Si 3N4/Si (1 1 1) by plasma-assisted MBE
, M.K. Rajpalke, B. Roul, T.N. Bhat, P. Misra, L.M. Kukreja, N. Sinha, A.T. Kalghatgi, S.B. Krupanidhi
Published in
Volume: 131
Issue: 4
Pages: 614 - 619
Photoluminescence (PL) of high quality GaN epitaxial layer grown on β-Si3N4/Si (1 1 1) substrate using nitridationannealingnitridation method by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE) was investigated in the range of 5300 K. Crystallinity of GaN epilayers was evaluated by high resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD) and surface morphology by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HRSEM). The temperature-dependent photoluminescence spectra showed an anomalous behaviour with an 'S-like' shape of free exciton (FX) emission peaks. Distant shallow donoracceptor pair (DAP) line peak at approximately 3.285 eV was also observed at 5 K, followed by LO replica sidebands separated by 91 meV. The activation energy of the free exciton for GaN epilayers was also evaluated to be ∼27.8±0.7 meV from the temperature-dependent PL studies. Low carrier concentrations were observed ∼4.5±2×1017 cm-3 by measurements and it indicates the silicon nitride layer, which not only acts as a growth buffer layer, but also effectively prevents Si diffusion from the substrate to GaN epilayers. The absence of yellow band emission at around 2.2 eV signifies the high quality of film. The tensile stress in GaN film calculated by the thermal stress model agrees very well with that derived from Raman spectroscopy. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Luminescence