First, we describe how 360°-rotational symmetry may be used for three dimensional reconstruction of repeated cylinders from a single perspective image. In our experiments, we consider translational and affine repetition of cylinders with vertical and random orientations. Later, we create a virtual camera configuration for retrieving pose and location of repeated cylinders. The combination of 360°-rotational symmetry and camera center is used to identify two orthogonal planes called axis plane and orthogonal axis plane. These two planes are the basis for the proposed reconstruction framework and virtual camera configuration. Furthermore, we discuss possible extension of our method in vision tasks based on motion analysis. © 2013 IEEE.