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Scalable fabrication of prototype sensor for selective and sub-ppm level ethanol sensing based on TiO2 nanotubes decorated porous silicon
P. Dwivedi, N. Chauhan, P. Vivekanandan, S. Das, D. Sakthi Kumar,
Published in Elsevier B.V.
Volume: 249
Pages: 602 - 610
A miniaturized prototype sensor based on TiO2 nanotubes/porous silicon (PS) heterojunction is developed for selective ethanol sensing in sub-ppm range. Titanium (Ti) of thickness ∼ 200 nm was deposited on PS using RF sputtering technique. Both silicon and Ti were sequentially anodized to form PS and nanotubes respectively. Electrical contacts for testing of resistive sensors were fabricated using lift off process. The sensor was packaged onto a 12-pin header and tested in presence of different VOCs with concentration ranging from 0.5 to 100 ppm. The selective ethanol sensing at around 150 °C stems from the formation of TiO2 nanotubes/PS heterojunction. The sensitivity of such a sensor, improved manifold in comparison to the response of pure PS and pure TiO2 based sensors. The formation of heterojunction, selective response to ethanol, sub-ppm level sensing at comparatively low operating temperature is discussed. The study unfolds the collective properties of TiO2/PS heterojunction and demonstrates the potential of wafer scale integrated repeatable ethanol sensor tested at sub-ppm level. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V.