Nanosized carriers engineered from red blood cells (RBCs) provide a means for delivering various cargos, including drugs, biologics, and imaging agents. We have engineered nanosized particles from RBCs, doped with the near-infrared (NIR) fluorochrome, indocyanine green (ICG). An important issue related to clinical translation of RBC-derived nanocarriers, including these NIR nanoparticles, is their stability postfabrication. Freezing may provide a method for long-term storage of these and other RBC-derived nanoparticles. Herein, we have investigated the physical and optical stability of these particles in response to a single freeze-thaw cycle. Nanoparticles were frozen to -20 °C, stored frozen for up to 8 weeks, and then thawed at room temperature. Our results show that the hydrodynamic diameter, zeta potential, optical density, and NIR fluorescence emission of these nanoparticles are retained following the freeze-thaw cycle. The ability of these nanoparticles in NIR fluorescence imaging of ovarian cancer cells, as well as their biodistribution in reticuloendothelial organs of healthy Swiss Webster mice after the freeze-thaw cycle is similar to that for freshly prepared nanoparticles. These results indicate that a single cycle of freezing the RBC-derived nanoparticles to -20 °C followed by thawing at room temperature is an effective method to retain the physical and optical characteristics of the nanoparticles, and their interactions with biological systems without the need for use of cryoprotectants. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.