Header menu link for other important links
Preliminary design and testing of neck chamber device for baroreflex sensitivity assessment
P.V. Paliwal, P.H. Kamble, , R. Sharma, A. Singhal
Published in BMJ Publishing Group
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Pages: 132 - 142
This paper presents the design, development and testing of a novel neck chamber device for non-invasive stimulation of an individual carotid baroreceptor in a graded manner. The proposed neck chamber device is a strap-free design that avoids discomfort during testing due to tight seal generated by the neck collar design, and facilitates unilateral testing and targeted assessment without stimulating other neck baroreceptors. The device consists of two independent components to achieve these requirements: an outer suction mechanism and an inner chamber. The outer mechanism consists of multiple suction cups to grip the device over the human neck, while the inner chamber creates controlled positive and negative pressure for stimulation of baroreceptors using a pump. The indigenously developed device was employed for the testing by providing neck chamber stimulation in discrete steps of -20 mm Hg, -40 mm Hg, -60 mm Hg, 0 mm Hg, 20 mm Hg, 40 mm Hg and 60 mm Hg with the gap of 60 s between each stimulation as per the standard test protocol of autonomic function test. The changes in heart rate and RR interval were recorded to determine the baroreceptor gain using the logistic equation derivative and gain curve plot. The results of the present study show that the estimated baroreceptor gain is -0.109±0.04, which is consistent with the previous studies conducted using neck collar devices. The testing results showed that the desired objectives are achieved successfully by the prototype device, opening up the possibility of its use for the treatment of resistant hypertension. © 2020 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBMJ Innovations
PublisherData powered by TypesetBMJ Publishing Group
Impact Factor20.785