We present a mathematical analysis and comparison of the performance of integrated on-chip semiconductor ring laser gyroscope (SRLG) fabricated using GaAs/AlGaAs and InP/InGaAsP technologies. The performance parameters of the gyro are modeled in terms of fundamental material, waveguide, and resonator parameters. In addition to this, influence of phenomena specific to semiconductor lasers such as nonlinear coupling, spatial hole burning, gain grating formation, and carrier induced index change on the gyro performance is also included. The analysis helps in identifying critical parameters, which must be optimized to improve the gyro performance.Best achievable performance of integrated SRLG is calculated, and design modifications are suggested to enhance it for high-performance military applications. © 1983-2012 IEEE.