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Parameterized complexity of fair feedback vertex set problemPublished in Elsevier B.V.

2021

Volume: 867

Pages: 1 - 12

Given a graph G=(V,E), a subset S⊆V(G) is said to be a feedback vertex set of G if G−S is a forest. In the FEEDBACK VERTEX SET (FVS) problem, we are given an undirected graph G, and a positive integer k, the question is whether there exists a feedback vertex set of size at most k. In this paper, we study three variants of the FVS problem: UNRESTRICTED FAIR FVS, RESTRICTED FAIR FVS, and RELAXED FAIR FVS. In UNRESTRICTED FAIR FVS, we are given a graph G and a positive integer ℓ, the question is does there exist a feedback vertex set S⊆V(G) (of any size) such that for every vertex v∈V(G), v has at most ℓ neighbours in S. First, we study UNRESTRICTED FAIR FVS from different parameterizations such as treewidth, treedepth, and neighbourhood diversity and obtain several results (both tractability and intractability). Next, we study RESTRICTED FAIR FVS, where we are also given an integer k in the input and we demand the size of S to be at most k. This problem is trivially NP-complete; we show that RESTRICTED FAIR FVS when parameterized by the solution size k and the maximum degree Δ of the graph G, admits a kernel of size O(Δk). Finally, we study the RELAXED FAIR FVS problem, where we want that the size of S is at most k and for every vertex v outside S, v has at most ℓ neighbours in S. We give an FPT algorithm for RELAXED FAIR FVS problem running in time cknO(1), for a fixed constant c. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

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About the journal

Journal | Theoretical Computer Science |
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Publisher | Elsevier B.V. |

ISSN | 03043975 |