The U-Box E3 ubiquitin ligase, AtPUB46, functions in the drought response: T-DNA insertion mutants of this single paralogous gene are hypersensitive to water- and oxidative stress (Adler et al. BMC Plant Biology 17:8, 2017). Here we analyze the phenotype of AtPUB46 overexpressing (OE) plants. AtPUB46-OE show increased tolerance to water stress and have smaller leaf blades and reduced stomatal pore area and stomatal index compared with wild type (WT). Despite this, the rate of water loss from detached rosettes is similar in AtPUB46-OE and WT plants. Germination of AtPUB46-OE seeds was less sensitive to salt than WT whereas seedling greening was more sensitive. We observed a complex response to oxidative stress applied by different agents: AtPUB46-OE plants were hypersensitive to H2O2 but hyposensitive to methyl viologen. AtPUB46-GFP fusion protein is cytoplasmic, however, in response to H2O2 a considerable proportion translocates to the nucleus. We conclude that the differential stress phenotype of the AtPUB46-OE does not result from its smaller leaf size but from a change in the activity of a stress pathway(s) regulated by a degradation substrate of the AtPUB46 E3 and also from a reduction in stomatal pore size and index. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.