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Optimal whole body motion planning of humanoid with articulated spine for object manipulation in double support phase
K. Hari Teja, F. James,
Published in Association for Computing Machinery
Volume: 02-04-July-2015
In this paper we consider the motion planning problem of humanoid with articulated-spine for object manipulation in double support phase. Complexity of motion planning increases due to higher degrees-of-freedom (DOF), redundancy arising due to articulated spine, inherent underactuation and stability constraint. Additionally, loop-closure constraints arise during double-support phase, and self-collision constraints exist independent of the task to be performed. These problems make motion planning of humanoids a challenging task. In this work, we address the above issues by proposing a sampling based approach for planning the motion of the humanoid. Our approach to the problem is based on RRT∗ which can generate asymptotically optimal paths. The proposed approach deals with the stability constraints by rejective sampling approach which divides random configurations generated into valid and invalid configurations. Additionally, the loop-closure constraints are tackled by separating the humanoid into two open-kinematic sub-chains, and then generating random configurations in one sub-chain whereas the remaining sub-chain uses inverse kinematics for closure. Efficacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated for wholebody motion planning of a 25-DOF humanoid in generating asymptotically optimal end-effector paths. © 2015 ACM.
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