Header menu link for other important links
Microscopic Evaluation of Electrical and Thermal Conduction in Random Metal Wire Networks
, A. Kumar, S. Sadasivam, S. Walia, G.U. Kulkarni, T.S. Fisher, A. Marconnet
Published in American Chemical Society
PMID: 28326760
Volume: 9
Issue: 15
Pages: 13703 - 13712
Ideally, transparent heaters exhibit uniform temperature, fast response time, high achievable temperatures, low operating voltage, stability across a range of temperatures, and high optical transmittance. For metal network heaters, unlike for uniform thin-film heaters, all of these parameters are directly or indirectly related to the network geometry. In the past, at equilibrium, the temperature distributions within metal networks have primarily been studied using either a physical temperature probe or direct infrared (IR) thermography, but there are limits to the spatial resolution of these cameras and probes, and thus, only average regional temperatures have typically been measured. However, knowledge of local temperatures within the network with a very high spatial resolution is required for ensuring a safe and stable operation. Here, we examine the thermal properties of random metal network thin-film heaters fabricated from crack templates using high-resolution IR microscopy. Importantly, the heaters achieve predominantly uniform temperatures throughout the substrate despite the random crack network structure (e.g., unequal sized polygons created by metal wires), but the temperatures of the wires in the network are observed to be significantly higher than the substrate because of the significant thermal contact resistance at the interface between the metal and the substrate. Last, the electrical breakdown mechanisms within the network are examined through transient IR imaging. In addition to experimental measurements of temperatures, an analytical model of the thermal properties of the network is developed in terms of geometrical parameters and material properties, providing insights into key design rules for such transparent heaters. Beyond this work, the methods and the understanding developed here extend to other network-based heaters and conducting films, including those that are not transparent. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
Open AccessNo