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Laccase of Cyathus bulleri: structural, catalytic characterization and expression in Escherichia coli
Salony, N. Garg, R. Baranwal, , S. Mishra, T.K. Chaudhuri, V.S. Bisaria
Published in
PMID: 18083129
Volume: 1784
Issue: 2
Pages: 259 - 268
Cyathus bulleri, a ligninolytic fungus, produces a single laccase the internal peptides (3) of which bear similarity to laccases of several white rot fungi. Comparison of the total amino acid composition of this laccase with several fungal laccases indicated dissimilarity in the proportion of some basic and hydrophobic amino acids. Analysis of the circular dichroism spectrum of the protein indicated 37% α-helical, 26% β-sheet and 38% random coil content which differed significantly from that in the solved structures of other laccases, which contain higher β-sheet structures. The critical role of the carboxylic group containing amino acids was demonstrated by determining the kinetic parameters at different pH and this was confirmed by the observation that a critical Asp is strongly conserved in both Ascomycete and Basidiomycete laccases. The enzyme was denatured in the presence of a number of denaturing agents and refolded back to functional state with copper. In the folding experiments under alkaline conditions, zinc could replace copper in restoring 100% of laccase activity indicating the non-essential role of copper in this laccase. The laccase was expressed in Escherichia coli by a modification of the ligation-anchored PCR approach making it the first fungal laccase to be expressed in a bacterial host. The laccase sequence was confirmed by way of analysis of a 435 bp sequence of the insert. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics