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Investigations on weld metal chemistry and mechanical behaviour of bimetallic welds using CaO–CaF2–SiO2–Ni based electrode coatings
D. Bhandari, , N. Arora, R. Mehta
Published in SAGE Publications Ltd
Volume: 233
Issue: 4
Pages: 563 - 579
The bimetallic welds between ferritic low alloy steels and austenitic stainless steels are widely used in the heat piping transport systems of nuclear power plants for connecting the heavy section low alloy steel components with those of high temperature stainless steel pipes. The operating experience of major nuclear power plant components has recently shown that bimetallic joints can jeopardize the plant availability and safety because of increased incidences of failure. In shielded metal arc welding process, the occurrence and severity of weld defects mainly depend upon the type of electrode filler wire and the electrode coating ingredients used. The use of nickel based filler metals is no longer considered as the final solution for unexpected failures of bimetallic welds due to incidences of hot cracking. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to design and develop an intermediate electrode based on CaO–CaF2–SiO2 ternary phase diagram system and nickel as an additional electrode coating ingredient using mild steel as a filler wire for the bimetallic weld joint. The extreme vertices methodology has been used to design 21 electrode coating formulations. The quadratic regression models for weld metal chemistry, ultimate tensile strength, impact toughness, macrohardness, diffusible hydrogen content, and corrosion rate in terms of electrode coating ingredients, have been developed and checked for adequacy using analysis of variance. The work aims at studying the individual as well as combined effect of electrode coating ingredients on the measured weld responses and microstructures of the weld. Also, the electrode coating formulations suggesting multiobjective optimized solutions have been proposed. © IMechE 2016.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications
PublisherData powered by TypesetSAGE Publications Ltd
Open AccessNo