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In vitro interaction of organophosphate metabolites with bovine serum albumin: A comparative 1H NMR, fluorescence and molecular docking analysis
V. Dahiya, B.G. Anand, K. Kar,
Published in Academic Press Inc.
PMID: 31973869
Volume: 163
Pages: 39 - 50
Since the exposure of organophosphate pesticides are known to cause severe health consequences, it is important to understand the molecular interaction of these pesticides metabolites with vital biomolecules, especially with the proteins. Here, considering bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model protein, we have examined its interaction with two selected organophosphate metabolites, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPy) and paraoxon methyl (PM). TCPy and PM are resultant metabolites of two most widely used organophosphate pesticides chlorpyrifos and parathion respectively. 1H NMR line broadening, selective spin-lattice relaxation rate measurements, saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR of both TCPy and PM were carried out in the presence and absence of BSA. The obtained values of the affinity index (A), binding constants (Ka) and thermodynamic parameters indicated strong organophosphates-BSA interaction. Further, fluorescence quenching data on TCPy-BSA and PM-BSA interactions strongly supported the NMR results, besides providing the stoichiometry of these complexes. Molecular docking analysis unraveled viable, strong hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interactions in TCPy-BSA and PM-BSA complexes. This study also revealed substantial time-dependent changes in the 1H NMR intensity of PM in the presence of BSA, which suggests faster degradation of PM with increasing protein concentration during protein-metabolite interactions. The hydrolysis is attributed to the esterase-like action of BSA. The result provides key insights into the direct interaction of the organophosphate metabolites with a biologically important carrier protein, serum albumin. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalPesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Open AccessNo