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Implications of fin profiles on overall performance and weight reduction of a fin and tube heat exchanger
, K. Sørensen, A.S. Simonsen, T.J. Condra
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 115
Pages: 962 - 976
Fin and tube heat exchangers are being used in several industrial applications by means of novel design and optimized performance. Improvements in geometric design may deliver energy efficient and cost-effective heat exchanger performance with reduced weight. In this paper, a systematic study on a cross-flow type fin and tube heat exchanger design for a waste heat recovery application is conducted. The geometric profile of the fin is characterized by a dimensionless design variable named aspect ratio which is parametrically varied to obtain different profiles. Two cases, case-I, and case-II with constant fin-base thickness and variable fin-base thickness, respectively, are studied considering the ‘rectangular’ fin profile as a ‘reference’. Heat transfer and pressure loss characteristics based on the parametric fin profiles are investigated numerically for a Reynolds number range from 5000 to 13,000 using computational fluid dynamics. The numerical results obtained for the reference fin profile are verified with the experimental correlations. Dimensionless parameters such as Nusselt number, Euler number, and efficiency index are calculated to predict the overall performance of the heat exchanger design. Results show that the overall performance improves by approximately 6.76% and 17.33% with a reduction in net unit weight by approximately 27.58% and 6.82% on changing the aspect ratio from 1.0 to 0.1 in case-I and case-II, respectively. In addition, feasible fin profile for a waste heat recovery application is predicted using Pareto optimality in each case. The study, therefore, helps to reveal the potential of different fin profiles in furnishing enhanced overall performance along with the net material cost benefits to the design engineers and manufacturers. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetApplied Thermal Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd