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Impact modeling and reactionless control for post-capturing and maneuvering of orbiting objects using a multi-arm space robot
D. Raina, S. Gora, D. Maheshwari,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 182
Pages: 21 - 36
Autonomous on-orbit servicing, such as capture, refuel, repair and refurbishment of on-orbit satellites using a robotic arm mounted on servicing satellite is one of the important components of future's space missions. Space robots increase reliability, safety, and ease of execution of space operations, but pose a novel challenge due to micro-gravity and space environments. While capturing high speed orbiting objects, robotic arms undergo impact and require appropriate modeling of the system. In this paper, a unified framework is provided for modeling impact dynamics, post-capture stabilization and target maneuvering of a multi-arm robotic system mounted on a servicing satellite while capturing orbiting objects. The dynamic model of multi-arm space robot is obtained using the Decoupled Natural Orthogonal Complement (DeNOC) based formulation and closed-loop constraint equations. All three phases of the capturing operation, namely, approach, impact, and post-impact are modeled using Impulse-momentum approach and conservation of momentum. In the approach phase, robot arms are planned to move from its initial configuration to the desired capture configuration. In the impact phase, a framework is developed to estimate the impulse forces and changes in the generalized velocities caused by the impact. In post-impact phase, these velocities are used as initial conditions for the post-impact dynamics simulations. The uncontrolled dynamics during post-impact will result in an undesirable motion, thus post-impact reactionless control (minimum base disturbance) strategy is used to maneuver the space robot's arms and target object. As such, the robotic arms can be used to maneuver an astronaut for repair of satellite. Most of the times the parameters of target object are not known. Hence, an adaptive reactionless control strategy has been devised for capturing object with unknown parameters. The effectiveness of the framework is shown using a dual-arm robot mounted on a servicing satellite performing capturing operation for multiple objects. The effects of relative velocity and angle of approach on the impact forces are also investigated. © 2021 IAA
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetActa Astronautica
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
Open AccessNo