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Identification of Four miRNAs by Analysing Multi-View miRNA-seq Data of Stomach Cancer
S. Rakshit, N. Pant, , I. Saha
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages: 451 - 456
Stomach cancer continues to be one of the most common cancer types in the world. Poor prognosis and late detection are major challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of this cancer. Currently, Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) of genome has revolutionized stomach cancer research by providing multi-view data which can be used for better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanism of this disease. Micro-RNA (miRNA) sequencing data is one such high resolution expression data. MiRNAs are evolutionary conserved, small, non-coding RNAs that play a role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. They are proven to show abnormal expression for a specific biological condition like tumor or age or survival of stomach cancer which makes them potential biomarkers for this cancer type. MiRNA data analysis comes with a challenge of less number of samples as compared to the number of miRNAs. Finding a small set of miRNAs is needed to identify potential biomarkers. In this regard, here, a method for selecting a small subset of miRNAs from the entire miRNA expression data has been proposed that selects miRNAs, common to three different categories of clinical outcomes, viz. condition, age, and survival status. First, three feature selection methods have been used to rank miRNAs individually for different categories. These ranks are then used to compute an ensemble of ranks of each miRNA using adaptive weight method for each category. Second, the top 100 miRNAs from each category have been used to find the miRNAs that are common to all categories. As a result, four miRNAs are found which are validated using classification of subclass under each category, miRNA-Gene-TF network, PPI network, expression analysis using box plots, KEGG pathway and GO enrichment analysis. © 2019 IEEE.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetProceedings of 2019 IEEE Region 10 Symposium, TENSYMP 2019
PublisherData powered by TypesetInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open AccessNo