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Hydride blister formation in Zr-2.5wt%Nb pressure tube alloy
R.N. Singh, R. Kishore, T.K. Sinha,
Published in
Volume: 301
Issue: 2-3
Pages: 153 - 164
Hydride blisters were grown over a period of 5-91 days under controlled thermal boundary condition using Zr-2.5wt%Nb pressure tube sections. Rectangular plate type specimens were hydrided to hydrogen concentration in the range of 20-250 ppm by weight and homogenized at 400 °C. These specimens were held in a specially fabricated jig capable of producing the required thermal gradients. The bulk specimen and the cold spot temperatures were maintained in the range of 270-400 °C and 40-100 °C respectively. Depending on the thermal gradients employed, two types of blister morphology were identified. The type I blister was single, round and located at the cold spot region whereas the type II blister consisted of several small blisters along a ring around the cold spot. Microstructural examination of the blister cross-section revealed three regions; a single-phase region consisting of hydrides, a region consisting of matrix containing both radial and circumferential hydrides, and another region consisting of matrix and circumferential hydrides. An attempt was made to rationalize the observed radial-circumferential hydride platelet orientation. Hydride blister growth rates were found to vary strongly with hydrogen concentration and bulk specimen temperature. The observed time for blister growth was found to be in agreement with the Sawatzky's model. © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials