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Human Serum Albumin-Inspired Glycopeptide-Based Multifunctional Inhibitor of Amyloid-β Toxicity
R. Roy, K. Pradhan, J. Khan, G. Das, N. Mukherjee, ,
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 5
Issue: 30
Pages: 18628 - 18641
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), insoluble Aβ42 peptide fragments self-aggregate and form oligomers and fibrils in the brain, causing neurotoxicity. Further, the presence of redox-active metal ions such as Cu2+ enhances the aggregation process through chelation with these Aβ42 aggregates as well as generation of Aβ42-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS). Herein, we have adopted a bioinspired strategy to design and develop a multifunctional glycopeptide hybrid molecule (Glupep), which can serve as a potential AD therapeutic. This molecule consists of a natural metal-chelating tetrapeptide motif of human serum albumin (HSA), a β-sheet breaker peptide, and a sugar moiety for better bioavailability. We performed different biophysical and docking experiments, which revealed that Glupep not only associates with Aβ42 but also prevents its self-aggregation to form toxic oligomers and fibrils. Moreover, Glupep was also shown to sequester out Cu2+ from the Aβ-Cu2+ complex, reducing the ROS formation and toxicity. Besides, this study also revealed that Glupep could protect PC12-derived neurons from Aβ-Cu2+-mediated toxicity by reducing intracellular ROS generation and stabilizing the mitochondrial membrane potential. All these exciting features show Glupep to be a potent inhibitor of Aβ42-mediated multifaceted toxicity and a prospective therapeutic lead for AD. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Omega
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society