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Granular Flow Graph, Adaptive Rule Generation and Tracking
Published in NLM (Medline)
PMID: 28113613
Volume: 47
Issue: 12
Pages: 4096 - 4107
A new method of adaptive rule generation in granular computing framework is described based on rough rule base and granular flow graph, and applied for video tracking. In the process, several new concepts and operations are introduced, and methodologies formulated with superior performance. The flow graph enables in defining an intelligent technique for rule base adaptation where its characteristics in mapping the relevance of attributes and rules in decision-making system are exploited. Two new features, namely, expected flow graph and mutual dependency between flow graphs are defined to make the flow graph applicable in the tasks of both training and validation. All these techniques are performed in neighborhood granular level. A way of forming spatio-temporal 3-D granules of arbitrary shape and size is introduced. The rough flow graph-based adaptive granular rule-based system, thus produced for unsupervised video tracking, is capable of handling the uncertainties and incompleteness in frames, able to overcome the incompleteness in information that arises without initial manual interactions and in providing superior performance and gaining in computation time. The cases of partial overlapping and detecting the unpredictable changes are handled efficiently. It is shown that the neighborhood granulation provides a balanced tradeoff between speed and accuracy as compared to pixel level computation. The quantitative indices used for evaluating the performance of tracking do not require any information on ground truth as in the other methods. Superiority of the algorithm to nonadaptive and other recent ones is demonstrated extensively.
About the journal
JournalIEEE transactions on cybernetics
PublisherNLM (Medline)