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Flow patterns and efficiency-power characteristics of a self-propelled, heaving rigid flat plate
, A. Gupta, S. Sanghi, H. Aono, W. Shyy
Published in Academic Press
Volume: 66
Pages: 517 - 542
The aim of the present study is to characterize the flow patterns, propulsion efficiency and power requirements associated with a self-propelled-heaving thin flat plate in a quiescent medium. In this regard, a numerical model using a shifting discontinuous-grid and based upon multi-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann method is developed to probe the resulting aerodynamics. The influence of kinematic parameters namely flapping Reynolds number Ref (20−100) and plunging amplitude β (0.2–1), and the density ratio ρ* (101−102) on forward flight is pursued. Depending on the kinematics, various periodic vortex shedding characteristics of the plunging plate are observed that lead to modification of the angle of attack as a result of wing-wake interaction and downward jet. The presence of strong vortex dipole at the trailing edge with an attached leading edge vortex are factors responsible for maximum thrust generation. A wing-wake interaction which occurs at low β and high Ref due to weak vortex dissipation and presence of vortex dipole at the trailing edge acting in tandem can lead to achieving high propulsion efficiency. Through surrogate modelling, a set of Pareto-optimal solutions that describe the tradeoff between efficiency and input power for forward flight is presented and offers insight into the design and development of next generation flapping wing micro-air vehicles. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
PublisherAcademic Press