The lifetime of sensor network depends on the efficient utilization of resource-constrained sensor nodes. Several MAC protocols like DMAC and its variants have been proposed to save critical sensor resources through sleep-wakeup scheduling over data gathering tree. For applications where data aggregation is not possible, the sleep duration decreases gradually from the leaves to the root of the data gathering tree. This results early failure of sensor nodes near the sink, and affects network connectivity and coverage. Deploying redundant sensors can solve this problem where a faulty node is replaced by a redundant node to maintain network connectivity and coverage. However, the amount of redundancy depends on the node failure pattern, and thus more number of redundant nodes required to be deployed near the sink. This paper proposes a gradient based sensor deployment scheme for energy-efficient data gathering exploring the trade-off among connectivity, coverage, fault-tolerance and redundancy. The density of deployment is estimated based on the distance of a node from the sink while dealing with connectivity, coverage and fault-tolerance. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme has been analyzed both theoretically and with the help of simulation. © 2013 IEEE.