There are many machining situations where slender tools are used to machine thin walled tubular workpieces. Such instances are more common in machining of aircraft structural parts. In these cases, cutting force induced tool as well as workpiece deflections are quite common which result into surface error on machined components. This paper presents a methodology to compensate such tool and workpiece induced surface errors in machining of thin walled geometries by modifying tool paths. The accuracy with which deflections can be predicted strongly depends on correctness of the cutting force model used. Traditionally employed mechanistic cutting force models overestimate tool and workpiece deflections in this case as the change of process geometry due to deflections is not accounted in modeling. Therefore, a cutting force model accounting for change in process geometry due to static deflections of tool and workpiece is adopted in this work. Such a force model is used in predicting tool and workpiece deflection induced surface errors on machined components and then compensating the same by modifying tool path. The paper also studies effectiveness of error compensation scheme for both synclastic and anti-clastic configurations of tubular geometries. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.