When exploring the charge transport in the MoS2/Si heterojunction, it is imperative to understand the contribution of different carrier interactions and scattering mechanisms in the conduction process. Here, we have demonstrated an ultrasensitive photodetector based on MoS2/Si (for both p-type and n-type Si) van der Walls (vdW) heterojunction, which provides a high photoresponsivity of greater than 103 A/W along with a large detectivity of ≈ 1012 Jones (Jones = cm · Hz1/2 · W-1). This high photoresponsivity is attributed to the high absorption rate of incident photons and large current carrying capacity of a few layer MoS2. The tuning of barrier height at the MoS2/n-Si interface with photoexcitation of different wavelengths was interpreted by using Bardeen's model. The increase in carrier density due to the photon energy results in a reduction of barrier height at the heterojunction. Because of increase in carrier density with wavelength, it was observed that the inverse Auger process prevails at higher wavelength for the relaxation of photoinduced charge carriers at the MoS2/Si interface over other scattering mechanisms. Our obtained results unveil the great potential of the MoS2/Si vdW heterojunction that may pave the way for new generation photodetectors. © 2018 IEEE.