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Dopamine induces functional extracellular traps in microglia
I. Agrawal, N. Sharma, S. Saxena, S. Arvind, D. Chakraborty, , D. Jha, S. Ghatak, S. Epari, T. Gupta
Published in Elsevier Inc.
Volume: 24
Issue: 1
Molecular Biology; Cellular Neuroscience; Immunology; Cell Biology © 2020 The Author(s) Dopamine (DA) plays many roles in the brain, especially in movement, motivation, and reinforcement of behavior; however, its role in regulating innate immunity is not clear. Here, we show that DA can induce DNA-based extracellular traps in primary, adult, human microglia and BV2 microglia cell line. These DNA-based extracellular traps are formed independent of reactive oxygen species, actin polymerization, and cell death. These traps are functional and capture fluorescein (FITC)-tagged Escherichia coli even when reactive oxygen species production or actin polymerization is inhibited. We show that microglial extracellular traps are present in Glioblastoma multiforme. This is crucial because Glioblastoma multiforme cells are known to secrete DA. Our findings demonstrate that DA plays a significant role in sterile neuro-inflammation by inducing microglia extracellular traps. © 2020 The Author(s)
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JournalData powered by TypesetiScience
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Inc.
Open AccessNo