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Deep learning based frameworks for image super-resolution and noise-resilient super-resolution
M. Sharma, , B. Lall
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Volume: 2017-May
Pages: 744 - 751
Our paper is motivated from the advancement in deep learning algorithms for various computer vision problems. We are proposing a novel end-to-end deep learning based framework for image super-resolution. This framework simultaneously calculates the convolutional features of low-resolution (LR) and high-resolution (HR) image patches and learns the non-linear function that maps these convolutional features of LR image patches to their corresponding HR image patches convolutional features. Here, proposed deep learning based image super-resolution architecture is termed as coupled deep convolutional auto-encoder (CDCA) which provides state-of-the-art results. Super-resolution of a noisy/distorted LR images results in noisy/distorted HR images, as super-resolution process gives rise to spatial correlation in the noise, and further, it cannot be de-noised successfully. Traditional noise resilient image super-resolution methods utilize a de-noising algorithm prior to super-resolution but de-noising process gives rise to loss of some high-frequency information (edges and texture details) and super-resolution of the resultant image provides HR image with missing edges and texture information. We are also proposing a novel end-to-end deep learning based framework to obtain noise resilient image super-resolution. Proposed end-to-end deep learning based framework for noise resilient super-resolution simultaneously perform image de-noising and super-resolution as well as preserves textural details. First, stacked sparse de-noising auto-encoder (SSDA) was learned for LR image de-noising and proposed CDCA was learned for image superresolution. Then, both image de-noising and super-resolution networks were cascaded. This cascaded deep learning network was employed as one integral network where pre-trained weights were serving as initial weights. The integral network was end-to-end trained or fine-tuned on a database having noisy, LR image as an input and target as an HR image. In fine-tuning, all layers of the combined end-to-end network was jointly optimized to perform image de-noising and super-resolution simultaneously. Experimental results show that proposed noise resilient super-resolution framework outperforms the conventional and state-of-the-art approaches in terms of PSNR and SSIM metrics. © 2017 IEEE.