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Crafting of Neuroprotective Octapeptide from Taxol-Binding Pocket of β-Tubulin
P. Mondal, G. Das, J. Khan, K. Pradhan,
Published in American Chemical Society
PMID: 29155559
Volume: 9
Issue: 3
Pages: 615 - 625
Microtubules play a crucial role in maintaining the shape and function of neurons. During progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), severe destabilization of microtubules occurs, which leads to the permanent disruption of signal transduction processes and memory loss. Thus, microtubule stabilization is one of the key requirements for the treatment of AD. Taxol, a microtubule stabilizing anticancer drug, has been considered as a potential anti-AD drug but was never tested in AD patients, likely because of its' toxic nature and poor brain exposure. However, other microtubule-targeting agents such as epothilone D (BMS-241027) and TPI-287 (abeotaxane) and NAP peptide (davunetide) have entered in AD clinical programs. Therefore, the taxol binding pocket of tubulin could be a potential site for designing of mild and noncytotoxic microtubule stabilizing molecules. Here, we adopted an innovative strategy for the development of a peptide based microtubule stabilizer, considering the taxol binding pocket of β-tubulin, by using alanine scanning mutagenesis technique. This approach lead us to a potential octapeptide, which strongly binds to the taxol pocket of β-tubulin, serves as an excellent microtubule stabilizer, increases the expression of acetylated tubulin, and acts as an Aβ aggregation inhibitor and neuroprotective agent. Further, results revealed that this peptide is nontoxic against both PC12 derived neurons and primary cortical neurons. We believe that our strategy and discovery of peptide-based microtubule stabilizer will open the door for the development of potential anti-AD therapeutics in near future. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Chemical Neuroscience
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society