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Characterizing qubit channels in the context of quantum teleportation
Published in American Physical Society
Volume: 103
Issue: 5
We consider a scenario where a party, say, Alice prepares a pure two-qubit (either maximally entangled or nonmaximally entangled) state and sends one half of this state to another distant party, say, Bob through a qubit (either unital or nonunital) channel. Finally, the shared state is used as a teleportation channel. In this scenario, we focus on characterizing the set of qubit channels with respect to the final state's efficacy as a resource of quantum teleportation (QT) in terms of maximal average fidelity and fidelity deviation (fluctuation in fidelity values over the input states). Importantly, we point out the existence of a subset of qubit channels for which the final state becomes useful for universal QT (having maximal average fidelity strictly greater than the classical bound and having zero fidelity deviation) when the initially prepared state is either useful for universal QT (i.e., for a maximally entangled state) or not useful for universal QT (i.e., for a subset of nonmaximally entangled pure states). Interestingly, in the latter case, we show that nonunital channels (dissipative interactions) are more effective than unital channels (nondissipative interactions) in producing useful states for universal QT from nonmaximally entangled pure states. © 2021 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPhysical Review A
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Physical Society
Open AccessNo