The study was conducted to assess the role of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) in progressive dopaminergic neuronal death employing various interventions (YM08, 4μ8C, AEBSF, salubrinal, ursolic acid) of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling. The protein level of all the ER stress related signaling factors (GRP78, IRE1α, ATF6, eIF2α, ATF4, XBP-1, GADD153) were estimated after 3 and 7 day of experiment initiation. Findings with single administration of interventions showed that salubrinal exhibited significant protection against rotenone induced adverse alterations in comparison to other interventions. Therefore, further study was expanded with repeat dose of salubrinal. Rotenone administration in rat brain caused the significant biochemical alterations, dose dependent progressive neuronal apoptosis and altered neuronal morphology which was significantly attenuated with salubrinal treatment. In conclusion, findings showed that rotenone administration caused the dose dependent progressive neuronal death including cardinal role of eIF2α, suggesting the potential pharmacological utilization of salubrinal or salubrinal like molecules in therapeutics of Parkinson's diseases. © 2021 Elsevier Inc.