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Analysis and design of 2nd order sigma-delta modulator for audio applications
R. Ganesh Raj, A. Karmakar,
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages: 828 - 832
This paper describes a top-down approach to design a Sigma-Delta based modulator for analog to digital conversion. The primary focus is on designing an ADC for audio application, thus, the conversion is done on a 22.05 kHz bandwidth with a 16-bit resolution (CD quality). The behavioural code of the modulator is created first to check the signal ranges on internal nodes. Next, the circuit non-idealities, such as, finite Op-Amp gain, finite latency of Op-Amp and comparator offset are introduced to derive the tolerable limits and the specification of sub-blocks. Later, the individual blocks are carefully designed in 0.35 μm CMOS technology and are integrated. SPICE-based simulation is carried out on the entire circuit and the results are validated with MATLAB. © 2014 IEEE.