This work presents experiments and computational simulations of a single diesel droplet impinging on a dry surface to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of the impingement process. The experimental work was carried out at several substrate surface temperatures where a single diesel droplet was dropped from a precision syringe pump to provide a specific droplet diameter and impact velocity. The effect of the surface temperature on the temporal evolution of the droplet spreading factor, dynamic contact angle, and contact line velocity was studied. The experimental study on the temporal evolution of the droplet-wall interaction was used to develop a dynamic contact angle model for computational simulations. Using an in-house multiphase flow solver, simulations of the single diesel droplet impingement were performed. The simulation results of the spreading factor were compared to the experimental results and the effects of liquid temperature and contact angle model parameters were investigated. The development of a dynamic contact angle model for diesel droplets enhances the ability to study diesel droplet impingement, an important factor in diesel fuel injection. With an accurate dynamic contact angle model, future studies can be performed at scales and velocities representative of the conditions present in internal combustion engines. © 2018 Solar Turbines Incorporated.