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Altered Expression of Reorganized Inputs as They Ascend from the Cuneate Nucleus to Cortical Area 3b in Monkeys with Long-Term Spinal Cord Injuries
P. Halder, N. Kambi, P. Chand,
Published in Oxford University Press
PMID: 29045569
Volume: 28
Issue: 11
Pages: 3922 - 3938
Chronic deafferentations in adult mammals result in reorganization of the brain. Lesions of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord at cervical levels in monkeys result in expansion of the intact chin inputs into the deafferented hand representation in area 3b, second somatosensory (S2) and parietal ventral (PV) areas of the somatosensory cortex, ventroposterior lateral nucleus (VPL) of the thalamus, and cuneate nucleus of the brainstem. Here, we describe the extent and nature of reorganization of the cuneate and gracile nuclei of adult macaque monkeys with chronic unilateral lesions of the dorsal columns, and compare it with the reorganization of area 3b in the same monkeys. In both, area 3b and the cuneate nucleus chin inputs expand to reactivate the deafferented neurons. However, unlike area 3b, neurons in the cuneate nucleus also acquire receptive fields on the shoulder, neck, and occiput. A comparison with the previously published results shows that reorganization in the cuneate nucleus is similar to that in VPL. Thus, the emergent topography following deafferentations by spinal cord injuries undergoes transformation as the reorganized inputs ascend from subcortical nuclei to area 3b. The results help us understand mechanisms of the brain plasticity following spinal cord injuries. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetCerebral Cortex
PublisherData powered by TypesetOxford University Press