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A novel microfluidic switch for pH control using Chitosan based hydrogels
A. Atwe, , R. Kant, M. Das, I. Sharma, S. Bhattacharya
Published in Springer Verlag
Volume: 20
Issue: 7
Pages: 1373 - 1381
We report a novel pH-sensitive hydrogel based micro-valve for metered flow that has applications in a laboratory made "Intelligent valving system". The hydrogel solution was prepared through Chitosan and poly vinyl alcohol in acetic acid and crystallized using gluteraldehyde as the crosslinking agent in the form of thin wafers and it was found to be very sensitive to pH changes. The pore structure of hydrogel was investigated through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy and thin wafers of the gel were physically placed inside PDMS microchannels. Flow metering in these channels was observed by controlled expansion of the hydrogel plug till complete valving was realized. This valving device was further precisely characterized with micro Particle Image Velocimetry using a solution containing fluorescent polymeric micro beads. The principle advantage of this hydrogel device is the smaller range of pH (varying between pH 3 and 7) over which the valving response is observed. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Verlag