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A framework to assess sun salutation videos
H. Jain,
Published in Association for Computing Machinery
There are many exercises which are repetitive in nature and are required to be done with perfection to derive maximum benefits. Sun Salutation or Surya Namaskar is one of the oldest yoga practice known. It is a sequence of ten actions or 'asanas' where the actions are synchronized with breathing and each action and its transition should be performed with minimal jerks. Essentially, it is important that this yoga practice be performed with Grace and Consistency. In this context, Grace is the ability of a person to perform an exercise with smoothness i.e. without sudden movements or jerks during the posture transition and Consistency measures the repeatability of an exercise in every cycle. We propose an algorithm that assesses how well a person practices Sun Salutation in terms of grace and consistency. Our approach works by training individual HMMs for each asana using STIP features[11] followed by automatic segmentation and labeling of the entire Sun Salutation sequence using a concatenated-HMM. The metric of grace and consistency are then laid down in terms of posture transition times. The assessments made by our system are compared with the assessments of the yoga trainer to derive the accuracy of the system. We introduce a dataset for Sun Salutation videos comprising 30 sequences of perfect Sun Salutation performed by seven experts and used this dataset to train our system. While Sun Salutation can be judged on multiple parameters, we focus mainly on judging Grace and Consistency. © 2016 ACM.
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